Culture of France

History of Catalonia The area that is now known primarily as Catalonia was, along with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula , in BCE Proto-Celtic Urnfield people who brought the rite of burning the dead. These groups came under the rule of various invading groups starting with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians , who set up colonies along the coast, including Barcino present-day Barcelona itself. Rome established Latin as the official language and imparted a distinctly Roman culture upon the local population, which merged with Roman colonists from the Italian peninsula. An early precursor to the Catalan language began to develop from a local form of popular Latin before and during the collapse of the Roman Empire. Various Germanic tribes arrived following nearly six centuries of Roman rule, which had completely transformed the area into the Roman province of Tarraconensis. The Visigoths established themselves in the fifth century and would rule the area until when Muslim Arabs and Berbers conquered the region and held it for close to a century.

Catalonia independence: What you need to know

The study of the work and personality of Oliba has long been undertaken by leading historians, but the books that are devoted to him are often cluttered with hyperbolic praise confining the hagiography or guided by anachronistic nationalist perspectives. Yet documentation on Oliba is reduced. In the absence of new revelations, we must put Oliba, not only in his time and social condition of aristocrat, who involve him in the debates and power struggles in his contemporary society, but also in its situation of churchman, his dual position of abbot and bishop, faced with difficult circumstances as in the performance of his pastoral work that in the direction of its monastic communities.

One only is an original. Eight other documents are examined, from other funds and 4 documents posthumous.

Spain, a country of contrasts. If you’ve traveled a bit through Spain, you´ve probably realized that the differences between the regions are remarkable, and make this country a nation full of contrasts.

The city, the life and the people. Tuesday, April 20, Cross Cultural Dating and Relationships Debating the differences between men and women has been around since the bible it seems. A quick search on Amazon will produce a list of books explaining what makes the sexes different and why. But what happens when there’s not just a difference in gender but also in culture?

Is it easier, harder to date and maintain a relationship? Now, I must confess I’m no expert on women. Even during my swinging single days I wasn’t much of a Casanova and I’m far from the idyllic husband, so I’ll avoid any dating and relationship advice. But I was single long enough in Spain to notice some differences when it came to the European and Spanish women compared to their counterparts in the states. First, however, a little disclaimer.

Life in Los Angeles is not an accurate representation of the U. S as a whole. The city is infamous for being a particularly soulless, superficial and harsh place thanks to the allure of Hollywood.

Catalan folklore

Estimates of the number of speakers vary. The majority of the 10, , inhabitants of the Catalan countries operate with both Catalan and Spanish and it’s estimated that about half of them have Catalan as their mother tongue. Some 3, , other people speak Catalan as their second or third language, with 2 million more understanding but not being able to speak it.

The Catalans (Catalan, French and Occitan: catalans; Spanish: catalanes, Italian: catalani) are the citizens of Catalonia, an autonomous community in Spain and also the inhabitants of the Roussillon historical region in southeast France, today the Pyrénées Orientales departments, also called Catalonia Nord and Pays Catalan in French).

A statue of Pasiphae on the beach in Vilanova. Cursed by the god Poseidon, she lies naked inside the stomach of a cow, gazing out to sea, waiting for an enormous white bull to arise from the water and impregnate her. The Iberians traded wine around the Mediterranean 2, years ago. Three thousand years ago, Greek sailors spoke of the Iberian town of Blanca Subur, present-day Sitges, just 10 kilometres up the coast from Vilanova. But for those who dwelt on its shores, the sea also represented a gateway to new worlds and fresh starts.

In the s, with a series of civil wars finally over, Catalonia had begun to experience a period of great economic and cultural progress, driven by trade with the colonies in the New World. Others made their fortune trading textiles or guano — fertiliser made from the excrement of sea birds.

Oldest known cave art was made by Neanderthals, not humans

Spain occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian peninsula, with Portugal on its western border. Other entities in Iberia are the Principality of Andorra in the Pyrenees and Gibraltar, which is under British sovereignty and is located on the south coast. The Pyrenees range separates Spain from France. The Atlantic Ocean washes Spain’s north coast, the far northwest corner adjacent to Portugal, and the far southwestern zone between the Portuguese border and the Strait of Gibraltar.

An Expat’s Guide to Dating Catalan Women. While Spain is well-known for beautiful women, they vary radically within the country. Amongst them, the Catalan women of .

October 9, 5 High Culture Overseas Beach Towns Think living in a laidback beach town means you have to give up the cultural delights of a vibrant foodie scene with fine art, and exquisite architecture? There are beach towns around the world where you can enjoy having white-sand beaches and warm climate with the added bonus of top-quality restaurants, theaters, museums, and a high-culture lifestyle.

Read on to discover five beach towns in France, Malaysia, Mexico, Spain, and Uruguay that offer a sophisticated lifestyle…giving you the best of both worlds. It boasts traditional cafes, world-class museums, and Gothic architecture that both awe and inspire. Few other major European cities can deliver on beauty, style, history, beaches, good weather, and arty bohemianism like Barcelona can. We consider our living expenses to be minimal. Uruguay has a mild climate—summer temperatures barely reach the 80s F, and winter is short and rarely drops below freezing— which seems in keeping with the laidback tempo of life in this smallcountry.

According to the census, France, Germany, and Britain account for much of the rest.

The rebirth of Catalan: how a once

Feb 24, The report in the journal Science is based on new technology that reveals the most accurate age of ancient cave paintings at three different archeological sites in Spain. Using mainly red pigments and sometimes black, groups of animals, hand stencils, engravings, dots, discs and geometric designs are depicted in the cave paintings at La Pasiega in the northeast, Maltravieso in the west and Ardales in the south of Spain. These symbolic renderings point to an intelligence that was previously thought to be uniquely the realm of modern humans.

But cave paintings were one of the last bastions that appeared to differentiate anatomically modern humans from Neanderthals, who died out some 35, years ago. The technique of U-Th dating is based on the radioactive decay of uranium isotopes into thorium.

Spain’s political culture in the post-Franco period, however, is still developing. The most local representative of national government is the secretario local, or civil recorder, in each municipality.

In a vote in the regional parliament, Catalan lawmakers voted 72 to 63 to a plan for independence from Spain by The Constitutional Court will likely rule against the law, according to the Associated Press, but in an odd quirk, the Catalonian resolution specifically directs the Catalonian government to reject the court and gives the incoming government 30 days to begin writing a new Catalan Constitution. Experts say the chances of Catalonia actually successfully seceding rom Spain are highly unlikely.

Even if Catalonia could somehow break free, it would be unlikely to gain membership in the European Union or be recognized internationally. Though Catalonia has roots as an independent state dating back to the 11th century, it has long been a part of Spain, while maintaining its own language, culture, cuisine, and semiautonomous government. The possibility that Catalonia would break apart from Spain and form its own independent state has gained traction during the financial crisis of the last several years.

The Prime Minister refused to negotiate, causing frustrations to mount in Catalonia. At that time the moderate Mas supported greater economic sovereignty for Catalonia but not independence from Spain. He has since changed his mind, joining forces with more radical Catalonian politicians. The two pro-independence parties in Catalonia, Junts pel Si and CUP, the far-left party, together won a majority of 72 seats out of in the regional legislature in an election on Sept.

What happens next is difficult to predict. The dispute between Catalonia and the central government seems to have moved beyond negotiation, and Rajoy may feel as if he has been forced to retaliate. Some are concerned that a strong, highly publicized Catalan movement could ignite similar bids for secession in regions of Italy, Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom, where a referendum for independence in Scotland failed in September of last year. Already, the Catalonian movement seems to have inspired a coalition of separatist parties in the Basque country, another semi-autonomous region in Spain, to submit a bill to their local parliament to give Basque citizens the ability to decide their future, which could include independence.

Catalonia independence and Article , explained

Its small mountain villages are home to a series of Romanesque churches dating from the 11th and 12th centuries which are well conserved and blend in harmoniously with their surroundings. This route can be done within a single day, and will take us to the nine main churches in the valley. The richness of the decorative elements and the excellent state of conservation of these buildings make this the perfect opportunity to discover some of the finest examples of Catalan Romanesque art.

From Barruera, we take the road leading to Durro. This is the location of the church of La Nativitat, with its monumental bell tower, two 16th-century Gothic chapels and Baroque sacristy. At a distance of a kilometre and a half, a path leads to the shrine of Sant Quirc de Durro, a smaller church with a Baroque vault and belfry dating from the 17th and 18th centuries.

News about Catalonia in English. Stay tuned with the latest stories.

First, they rub a fresh clove of garlic over a slice of toasted bread. Slicing a ripe tomato in half, they then rub the tomato over the toast, squeezing it to release all the pulp and juices and discarding the skin. Finally, they garnish it with olive oil and salt, and chow down on this simple snack at all hours of the day.

Here, these leek lookalikes are grilled barbecue-style until the outer layer is nice and charred. Seasoned Catalans know to slip off the inedible, ashy outer layer first before dipping the tender cooked stalk into a bowl of romesco sauce , which is made from almonds, peppers, and tomatoes. During the curing process, a powdery white bloom covers the casings and contrasts with the marbled red filling.

Spelled butifarra in Spanish to reflect how you pronounce it in Catalan, this plain sausage of lean pork meat has several varieties.

Ten Catalan expressions you need to know The Local

He was celebrated for qualities that are still important to Castilians: The Castilians traditionally describe their climate in the following proverb: Nueve meses de invierno y tres mese de infierno Nine months of winter and three months of hell.

Cross Cultural Dating and Relationships Debating the differences between men and women has been around since the bible it seems. A quick search on Amazon will produce a list of books explaining what makes the sexes different and why.

Kim Hyeyoung What with all of the fantastic American men around, what made me choose to tie the knot with a foreigner? How about this fun, tongue-in-cheek, stereotypical rundown of some of my favorites ignoring, of course, all of the challenges that go into an international marriage — you can find those in my post 10 Reasons Why You Should NOT Marry a Foreigner? Let the countdown begin… Whether they grow up on a farm, in the city, poor or rich, they just have an air of sophistication about them.

He thinks I am fascinating. I have an open-ended excuse to travel.

18 of the Best Things to Do in Barcelona, Spain

Balearic Islands — History and Culture Save The Balearic Islands hold traces of habitation dating back 8, years, although their recorded history begins 2, years ago with the Romans. Catalan and Spanish are the official languages, although due to tourism, English and German have taken root. History Varied civilizations have left their mark on the islands, beginning with the prehistoric Tayalotic people, whose stone towers and necropolises can still be seen.

The islands came totally under Spanish control by , and remained so until British rule arrived in via the Treaty of Utrecht. The Balearics became Spanish again in , an event which was later followed by the island group becoming an autonomous community of Spain in

Perhaps the most spectacular of the Catalan festivals are those of the colles castelleres, groups of enthusiasts who form impressive human towers (up to ten people high). This is an old tradition of the Tarragona region, which has now spread to many parts of Catalonia, and has become a real spectacle, or sport, that attracts thousands of people.

He arrived in Paris as a young iconoclast with fire in his belly. Artistically speaking, he was an undoubted revolutionary. Yet the Tate curators shall stress how politically rebellious he was, too. And in between, of course, were the small matter of the Spanish Civil War and Second World War, which really got his creative juices flowing… The exhibition includes paintings, many never seen in the UK before, which makes it an absolute must-see. Yes, he lived through turbulent times, but does that mean we have to consider his art a manifestation of them?

Like Picasso, his political conscious was awakened — resoundingly but briefly — by the Spanish Civil War. Catalonia was a key battleground, and both artists were holed up in Paris as their homeland disintegrated. The duo responded to a period of turmoil in the only way they knew how: I remember with heavy heart a trip up to Tate Liverpool last year for its big Picasso:

Intercultural Couples on Miscommunication